Germany is known for many different kinds of breads and baked foods. In almost every street you will find minimum one bakeries. Pumpernickel bread is a sour, dark rye bread that is popular in Germany. German breads are a mix of wheat and rye flour so they are dark breads. Brezeln is the name for “pretzels” in English. This food was first made in Germany. German pretzels are exported to many other countries.
Strudel is a popular German dessert pastry that is baked with layers of fruit or cheese. People usually eat it for breakfast. Black Forest cake is a dark chocolate cake filled with cherries and cream. Stollen and Lebkuchen are delicious cakes and ginger biscuits eaten during the Christmas season.
Meat, mostly different kinds of sausage, is very common in dishes throughout Germany. A well-known German dish is schnitzel. Schweinebraten (roast pork knuckles) is very popular in Southern Germany while Rinderbraten (beef roast) is more popular in Northern Germany. Semmelknoedel with a creamy mushroom sauce is bread dumplings eaten with meat dishes or as a side dish.
Sauerkraut is probably the most famous vegetable of Germans. It is eaten at many meals and with potatoes and meat. Another healthy vegetable is spargel, a white asparagus that is harvested in the springtime.
Germany’s south-western regions are well-known for their wine growing areas. They attract a wine festival each year with over 600,000 visitors from around the world.
German breakfast habits are much the same as in other countries. A good, traditional breakfast includes bread, toast, and/or rolls, marmalade, honey, eggs, cold meats, such as ham and salami, various cheeses, all washed down with a strong cup or pot of tea or coffee.
Traditionally, Germans eat their main meal during the day, between 12 and 2 p.m. However, today, the midday meal is often eaten away from home, i.e. at work. With the increase in health and weight consciousness, lunches are becoming more light, and sometimes are nothing more than a snack.
This is the main meal today, usually eaten at home with the family in the evening. Traditionally, the German dinner – called “Abendbrot”, meaning “evening bread”, consists of a selection of whole grain bread, deli meats and sausages, cheese and a cold or warm drink. Yet, eating habits changed over time and today, many families eat the warm meal in the evening.
Pork, beef, and poultry dishes are the favourite main courses. But here too, change is in progress. Seafood used to be the domain of the northern coastal areas. But seawater fish like fresh herring, mackerel, salmon and sardines or freshwater fish like trout, salmon, bream and carp are popular across the country today.
Germans have always liked their side dishes. Noodles, potatoes and dumplings in all forms are very common – especially in the south. A wide variety of vegetables can be found nationwide. Many towns and cities have farmer’s markets where you can buy potatoes, red cabbage and other fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as meats, fish and much more.